Topic: Taking a Stand with Labor Strikes
Connections to the Social Studies Framework
Social Studies Practice: Civic Participation
Key Idea: 8.2d In response to shifts in working conditions, laborers organized and employed a variety of strategies in an attempt to improve their conditions.
Reading Standard: Key Ideas and Details
Historical Context: In 1946 employees at General Electric launched a strike to fight for a pay increase and better working conditions. During World War II, General Electric experienced unprecedented growth but did not pass these gains on to their employees. GE froze the pay of their employees during the war as the cost of living rose. In 1951, the American Locomotive Company, also located in Schenectady, experienced a strike by their employees due to low wages. Hundreds of employees went on strike to protest unfair wages.
Compelling Question: How does the act of standing together serve as a catalyst for change?
Setting the Stage: Show video on the United Mine Workers' Strike from PBS Learning Media and discuss why the strike to place and the outcome of the strike.
Document Analysis: Analyze each of the photographs below using this photograph analysis graphic organizer. Click on an image to take a closer look. All images are courtesy of the Schenectady County Historical Society.
Assessment: Create a group protest poster or picket sign for either the GE or ALCO strike using evidence from the photographs. You may also use information from these secondary sources.
The protest poster or picket sign needs to include an original slogan and image that reflects the history of the strike you have chosen.
This lesson was created by educator Marissa Gordon through a grant from the Bender Family Foundation.