For each section of the document, answer the question(s) that follow.

Remonstrance of the Inhabitants of Flushing

(A remonstrance is an official petition or protest written to a government)

Remonstrance of Inhabitants of Flushing Regarding Treatment of Quakers

Who wrote this document?

Right Honorable.

To whom was this document written?

You have been pleased to send up unto us a Certain Prohibition or Command that we should  not receive or entertain any of those people called Quakers because they are supposed to be by some seducers of the people

What was prohibited in Flushing and why was it prohibited?

for our part we cannot condemn them in this case neither can wee stretch out our hands against them to punish banish or persecute them for out of Christ God  is a Consuming fire and it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God wee desire

What do the authors of this document refuse to do?

therefore in this case not to judge least wee be judged neither to Condemn least wee bee Condemned but rather let every man stand and fall to his own Master we are bound by the Law to do good unto all men especially to those of the Household of Faith

What reason do the authors give for their refusal?

and though for the present we seem to be unsensible of the law and the Lawgiver: yet when death and the Law assaults us: if we have our advocate to seek who shall plead for us in this case of Conscience betwixt god and our own souls the powers of this world can neither attack us neither excuse us for if god justify who can Condemn and if god Condemn there is none can justify and for those Jealousies and suspicions which some have of them that they are destructive unto Magistracy and Ministry that cannot be:

How do the authors justify their breaking of the law?

for the Magistrate hath the Sword in  his hand and the Minister hath the Sword in his hand as witness those two great examples which all Magistrates and Ministers are to follow M[oses] and Christ whom god raised up Maintained  and defended against all the Enemies both of flesh and spirit and therefore that which is of god will stand and that which is of man will [come] to nothing: and as the Lord hath taught Moses, or the Civil power to give an outward liberty in the State by the law written in his heart designed [for] the good of all and can truly judge who is good  and who is evil who is true and who is false and can pass definitive sentence of life or [death] against that man which rises up against the  [fundamen]tall law of the States General so [he] [hath made] his Ministers a savor of life unto [life] [and a sav]or of death unto death.

How do the authors use the bible to argue against the law?

The law of love peace and liberty in the states Extending to Jews Turks and Egyptians as They are Considered the sons of Adam which is the glory of the outward State of Holland, so love peace and liberty extending to all in Christ Jesus Condemns hatred war and  bondage and because our Saviour saith it is Impossible but that offences will come but woe Be unto him by whom they Cometh our desire is not offend one of his little ones in what [soever] form name or title he appears in whether presbyterian independent Baptist or Quaker but shall be glad to see anything of god in a[ny] of them:

Who do the authors think should be covered under the law of love, peace and liberty?

desiring to do unto all men as wee d[esire] all men should do unto us which is the true law both of Church and State for our Saviour saith this is the Law and the Prophets

According to the authors, what is the true law of the Church and State?

Therefore if any of these said persons come in love unto us we cannot in Conscience lay violent hands upon them but give them free Egress and Regress into our Towne and houses as god shall persuade our Consciences and in t[his] we are true subjects both of Church and State for wee are bound by the law of god and man to do good unto all men and evil to no man

What do the authors of this document intend to do? ​​​​​​​

and this is according to the Patent and Charter of our Towne given unto us in the name of the States General which we are not willing to infringe And violate but shall hold to our patent and

According to the authors, what document gives them the right to act according to their conscience?

Shall remain your Humble Subjects the Inhabitants of Vlising written this 27th of December in the year 1657

When was this document written?

by me Edward Heart clericus.

Tobias Feake

The marke of William Noble

William Thorne, senior                       Nicolas Blackford

The mark of Wm. Thorne Junior

Edward Tartte             The mark of Mica[h] Tue

John Storer

Nathaniel Hefferd       The mark of Phillip Ud [    ]

Beniamin Hubbard

The marke of William Pidgion

The marke of George Clere

Elias Doughtie

Antonie Field

Richard Stocton

Edward Griffine.

Nathaniell Tue

Robert ffeild, senior

Nicholas Parsell

Robert Field, junior

Nittkcolas Parnell

Michaell Milner

Benjamin Hubbard

Henry Townesend

George Wright

John Foard

Henry Samtell

Edward Heart

John Mastine                           Seijt dat Jan Masteyn hem versocht h[   ]

Henry Townesend                   dat hij seijn naem weder daer [   ]

John Townesend                     stellen.

Edward ffarington                  gingh naer eduars huijs en d[aer


Who are the first two signers of the document?

Are the signers of this documents asking their government for religious tolerance or religious freedom? Use evidence from the document to support your answer.