Annotated Bibliography Instructions
- The bibliography should list all primary sources (including historical records) and secondary sources used in preparing the entry. The annotations for each source must explain how the source was used and how it contributed to the project.
- Students may use the MLA-style or Chicago Manual of Style formats. Students must choose one style format and be consistent throughout the entry.
- Students must list the primary sources used first and then list the secondary sources used in their research. The bibliography may be as long as necessary.
- When using Internet sources, students must provide the URL to the specific historical record used, not just the general website of the repository.
- Students are encouraged to work with their teacher or school library media specialist while preparing the annotated bibliography. For guidance, visit Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab. Examples of annotated bibliographies developed by elementary, middle, and high school students can be found on pages 7 of these guidelines.
- The examples below were taken from previous entries of the Student Research Award contest. Students may use these examples to help create their own annotated bibliographies. For further instructions on creating an annotated bibliography, visit Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab.
Knapp Frost, Samuel. The Society of Friends Cemetery and Quaker Burial Group, Grace Marker Inscription. Photograph. Westbury Historical Society. 06 May 2017
We used this photo to verify the founding of the Religious Society of Friends in 1702. The grave marker identifies the existence of the Quaker Meeting House in 1776, and that the house was occupied by British and Hessian forces during the Revolutionary War.
Porter, Marjorie Lansing. Ballad Recordings. 1956. TS 73.2, Marjorie Lansing Porter: Ballad Collecting and Lore Stories, Plattsburgh State University Special Collections.
This was a manuscript that Marjorie Porter wrote which had information on her ballad recording and about collecting songs in general. I used this source because it explained a lot about the people she collected songs from. This manuscript provided me her perspective on her work and why she thought it was important. I quote this article extensively in my paper.
Letter to Edwin Oviatt, November 12, 1909. Rack 7, Shelf 4, Herbert Parsons Yale Alumnus, Knapp House Archives. Rye, NY
While not signed, the letter is from a Yale alum and penned early in the twentieth century, so one could assume they are from a nineteenth-century graduating class. This provided the entry with a unique perspective on how the college athletics were viewed prior to their expansion in the early/mid-twentieth century.